Helpful Info



SCIONWOOD - All sticks of scionwood will be enough to do at least 2 grafts unless noted otherwise. If we only have smaller scions available we will send 2. We keep our scionwood supply refrigerated so they may be shipped November through April-May, depending on the type. Stone fruits and other early budding tree types lose dormancy early and usually are only good through March. Success with grafting depends on using 100% dormant scionwood.


BUDWOOD- Most of our scionwood varieties can be also ordered as summer budwood. Order as scionwood and tell us in the notes section of our order form that you would like it sent as summer budwood. Also let us know when you prefer to have it shipped. 


CUTTINGS WOOD - Unless noted otherwise all orders of cuttings wood will have enough material to make at least 2 compact cuttings, or one large one depending on your methods. Exceptions to this are cactus and sugarcane, which have only 1 cutting per unit ordered, as well as other products that are listed as 1 cutting. Cuttings can be shipped from early dormancy in November through late spring. Cuttings wood is generally not as particular as scionwood and can have good success even if starting to swell buds. Summer greenwood cuttings can also be ordered. They are somewhat more fragile than dormant season cuttings, but some plants are easier to root at this time of year. If you prefer the cuttings you ordered sent as summer cuttings let us know in the notes section of the order form. If you order cuttings in the summer and you don't specify that you want them as summer cuttings we will email you to make sure you want them as summer cuttings, or if you want us to back order and send as dormant cuttings the following fall.


DIVISIONS - Perennial plants sold as divisions will have enough crown to make 1 good solid nursery start. Often they can be further divided to make extra plants depending on the type and the propagators skill and resources.


LINERS - Liners are either seedlings or rooted cuttings that need to be potted on and grown out to a larger size before they are ready to plant out into the landscape. They most often will be rooted in plug trays and sent un-potted in a plastic bag. They offer the opportunity to get a jump start on growing nursery starts compared to starting with unrooted cuttings, divisions or seeds. They also allow us to be able to offer you propagation starts of varieties.


SEEDS - We offer seeds of many special plants that are best propagated this way. Native and homestead trees, certain rootstocks and various fruiting plants fall into this category. The number of seeds included in a packet will depend on the variety, size and expense of the seed in question, but we will always try to make them as generous as possible. Perennial seeds can have many different needs to get them to germinate, such as stratification, scarification, soaking, etc. We will send instructions for the varieties ordered. Many seeds are perishable and will only be available during their viable season. We store our seeds under cold refrigeration to keep them fresh


ABOUT ORDERING - Many of our products are only available during certain times of year. Our regular shipping season extends from mid November through May depending on the variety. If an item is shown out of stock please put your email address in the notify me box and we will send you a notice as it becomes available again. For orders of summer budwood and cuttings wood email us and we can give you a quote on expedited shipping. Our website listing is geared towards dormant season shipping as plant materials are particularly perishable during the summer, but it can be the best time of year to propagate certain plants.  Thank you!


GUARANTEE - All plant materials are guaranteed to arrive in viable condition to be able to grow into a plant. We can not guarantee whether they survive and are successfully propagated into the desired plant however, as success is determined by the skill and resources of the propagator. We strive to give information on which plants are easy to propagate, which are difficult and best methods to use, but all responsibility of success is with the purchaser. We want our customers to be fully happy with our products. Please contact us if you have any concerns with our product upon arrival. No matter what the reason for potential failure, we can at most only be responsible for the cost of the materials purchased. Further, while we take great efforts to make sure the varieties we send you are accurately  named and labeled, we can not be liable for any mistakes made this way. Please contact us if you feel a variety is mislabeled and we will do our best to replace with the correct variety, or refund the purchase price when necessary. 




Upon arrival most propagation wood should be refrigerated until used. Exceptions to this would include cactus cuttings, liners and divisions, which would be best to keep in a cool outside location until planted. Scionwood stores longest at cooler temperatures (35-40F), but be sure not to freeze. It can be used right away, or stored until conditions are right to graft. Using while fresh is best, but it is also important to graft when temperatures are right. Grafting should be done while the scionwood is still completely dormant, but after temperatures have warmed up some and the rootstocks sap is starting to stir. Necessary temperatures for successful grafting depend on the type of tree being grafted. For common stone and pome fruits 55 to 60 degrees or so is perfect. For certain nut trees and more subtropical trees such as persimmon warmer 70 degree range temperatures are best for good callousing and successful takes. In areas where night temperatures are cool during spring, such as much of the inter-mountain west, a callousing bench can make for a more successful graft for those dependent on warmth to callous. Here warmth is placed on the graft area to speed up callousing (healing), usually by placing the union of the new graft onto a heat cable. This issue doesn't seem to be as prevalent on the east coast and south where temperatures can stay warm during the night. Topworking these same scions onto an already established rootstock with at least a 2" caliber is the easiest and most reliable method to graft these varieties (chestnut, walnut, pecan, pistachio, honeylocust, persimmon and mulberry). Growing rootstocks in place and then topworking when big enough can be an excellent way to have consistent success with them.